Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. This article needs more links to other articles to help integrate it into the encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. The PPAP process is designed ppap levels 1 5 pdf demonstrate that a supplier has developed their design and production process to meet the client’s requirements, minimizing the risk of failure by effective use of APQP.
Process is monitored, analyzed, and improved based on data. Records are created, maintained, and retained. The documentation on the PPAP package is closely related to the advanced product quality planning is process used during the design and development of new vehicles and component systems to reduce the risk of unexpected failure due to errors in design and manufacture. Suppliers are required to obtain PPAP approval from the vehicle manufacturers whenever a new or modified component is introduced to production, or the manufacturing process is changed. PPAP may be required for all components and materials incorporated in the finished product, and may also be required if components are processed by external sub-contractors.
German companies like VW and BMW. ISIR form is standardized by Verband der Automobilindustrie e. VDA, a German interest group of the German automobile industry, both automobile manufacturers and automobile component suppliers. The term is also used by some other companies like Hyundai and Kia. PPAP is the confirmation that the product meets the customer requirements for series production. The PPAP will be considered signed when a full PSW is approved by your customer and added to the PPAP folder.
The PSW would always be supported with an ISIR but the PPAP is only considered approved when a FULL PSW is endorsed with an ISIR. In essence the PSW and ISIR are part of PPAP or VDA and can even be outside of PPAP in cases such as first off tool parts which should be submitted in most cases with a PSW and ISIR but will not be approved in PPAP until series conditions are met. Below is the list of all 19 elements, and a brief description of them. A printed copy of drawing needs to be provided. If supplier is responsible for designing this is a released drawing in supplier’s release system. A document that shows the detailed description of the change. Usually this document is called “Engineering Change Notice”, but it may be covered by the customer PO or any other engineering authorization.
This approval is usually the Engineering trial with production parts performed at the customer plant. A “temporary deviation” usually is required to send parts to customer before PPAP. Customer may require other “Engineering Approvals”. If customer is design responsible, usually customer may not share this document with the supplier.
If customer is design responsible, a summary of every test performed on the part. The list of all critical or high impact product characteristics should be shared with the supplier, pSW and other requirements as defined by the customer. R for the critical or high impact characteristics, indicating all steps and sequence in the fabrication process, the material certification shall show compliance to the specific call on the print. PPAP may be required for all components and materials incorporated in the finished product, and indicates “what could go wrong” during the fabrication and assembly of each component. This list shows the product characteristic, customer may require other “Engineering Approvals”.
However, the list of all critical or high impact product characteristics should be shared with the supplier, so they can be addressed on the PFMEA and Control Plan. A copy of the Process Flow, indicating all steps and sequence in the fabrication process, including incoming components. The PFMEA follows the Process Flow steps, and indicates “what could go wrong” during the fabrication and assembly of each component. A copy of the Control Plan, reviewed and signed-off by supplier and customer. The Control Plan follows the PFMEA steps, and provides more details on how the “potential issues” are checked in the incoming quality, assembly process or during inspections of finished products. R for the critical or high impact characteristics, and a confirmation that gauges used to measure these characteristics are calibrated.
A list of every dimension noted on the ballooned drawing. This list shows the product characteristic, specification, the measurement results and the assessment showing if this dimension is “ok” or “not ok”. A summary of every test performed on the part. If there is an Engineering Specification, usually it is noted on the print.